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Yellow Fever in Democratic Republic of Congo

24 Apr 2014

On 12 March 2014, two separate outbreaks of yellow fever in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were reported to WHO.

The outbreak in the northeast of the country was reported from Orientale Province where 5 laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever virus infection were identified;3 in Bondo and 2 in Buta health zones. Investigation of the outbreak identifed at least a further 116 suspected cases in Bondo and Buta.

The outbreak in the southeast of country was reported from Kikondja, Katanga Province where one laboratory confirmed case was identified. Further investigation was carried out in the villages of Katongue, Kimbuvu and Lukila, where 23 suspected cases were identified.

A total of 139 suspected, probable and confirmed cases, including 6 deaths were reported. A reactive mass vaccination campaign is being planned for 1 May 2014.

Advice for Travellers

There is a risk of yellow fever in most areas of the country (except Katanga Province) and vaccination is advised for travellers. There is also a certificate requirement for entry into DRC for all travellers over 1 year of age.

As there is a very low risk of yellow fever in Katanga Province, vaccination is usually not advised for this area, however, vaccination would be recommended if there was an outbreak going on in the province. Travellers should also take steps to prevent mosquito bites.