Latest information about coronavirus disease (COVID-19) risks
Public Health Scotland logo

Fit for Travel Logo

Information on how to stay safe and healthy abroad. About us.

Zika Virus Infection in El Salvador (Update)

04 Feb 2016

Further cases of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection have continued to be reported in El Salvador since the first cases were identified in November 2015.

A total of 6310 suspected cases of ZIKV have been recorded and the Minister of Health stated that during January 2016 a total of 2474 suspected cases were reported. A total of 112 suspected cases are pregnant women.

Advice for Travellers

Avoidance of mosquito bites, particularly during daylight hours, is recommended for all travellers. Due to the possible link between Zika virus infection and birth defects, pregnant women, or those planning pregnancy are strongly urged to seek pre-travel advice from their health care provider. They should be helped to understand the risks and to make an informed decision on whether to change their travel plans. If the decision is made to travel, strict measures to avoid mosquito bites both during daytime and nightime hours should be followed.

Bite avoidance measures include: covering up with clothing, the use of insect repellent and bed nets impregnated with insecticide. Reduction of mosquito breeding sites around hotel rooms/homes is advised for longer term stays.