Leishamaniasis in Nepal
04 Oct 2016
A media report of 30 September 2016 asserts that at least 6 cases of visceral leishmaniasis (also known as kala-azar) have been diagnosed in Koshi Zonal Hospital. All the cases are from Darbesha Village Development Committee in Morang.
In response 6 Village Development Committees with sandfly infestations have undergone insecticidal spraying.
Advice for Travellers
Leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of an infected sandfly.
- Avoid outdoor activities after dusk where possible.
- Cover exposed skin where possible, to avoid bites.
- consider permethrin impregnation of clothing when outdoor activity is unavoidable.
- Use DEET on exposed skin.
- Sleep under insecticide-impregnated bednets.
- fine mesh size is required.
- Use of fans/ventilators/air-conditioning and sleeping elevated from floor reduces the number of bites as sandflies are weak fliers.
For further advice on insect bite avoidance see the following link: Insect Bite Avoidance