Chikungunya in the Americas and Caribbean (Update 3)
20 Dec 2017
The latest report from PAHO/WHO on 15 December 2017 shows continuing transmission of chikungunya in the Americas and the Caribbean. Brazil remains the country with the largest case number( 171 930) and highest incidence (81.39/100 000).
Case numbers by country are shown below. Country groupings are as described by PAHO/WHO.
Mexico: Total 54, Confirmed 54 (Incidence 0.04)
Central American Isthmus
Costa Rica: 428
El Salvador: 554
Panama: 2 046
French Guiana: 261
Puerto Rico: 8
Saint Barthelemy: 3
Saint Martin (France): 3
Bolivia: 3 354
Colombia: 1 080
Peru: 2 450
Brazil: 171 930
Advice for Travellers
No vaccine is available against chikungunya. Avoidance of mosquito bites is the only reliable means of prevention. Methods of bite avoidance include:
- Wearing long, loose, lightly coloured clothing to cover up the skin.
- The use of insect repellant containing DEET applied to any exposed skin.
- The use of permethrin, impregnated mosquito nets.
- The use of air conditioning if available and/or mesh screening of windows and doors.
- Eradication of mosquito breeding sites around the home (e.g. open containers, old tyres or flower pots that may collect water).
For further information see Chikungunya Fever.