Typhoid in Zimbabwe (Update 1)
29 Jan 2018
The World Health Organisation reports that the outbreak of typhoid fever that began in October 2017 continues to spread. Early cases were reported from the Matapi area of Mbare in Harare. The outbreak has spread from Matapi to other parts of Harare and to areas outside the city.
A total of 2 502 cases (no deaths reported) was reported up to 10 January 2018.
Advice to travellers
Typhoid is spread by the faecal oral route, precautionary measures should therefore be taken to avoid consumption of potentially contaminated drinks, drinking water and ice and to ensure food is uncontaminated or cooked thoroughly.
Personal hygiene when eating and drinking is also important including hand washing prior to eating and using clean plates, cups and utensils.
When to consider vaccination
Vaccination is recommended for travellers to high risk areas where food and water may be contaminated.
Travel to low risk areas - vaccination may be recommended only to those staying in conditions with poor sanitation and unable to maintain their own hygiene precautions e.g. hand hygiene and water purification.
For further information see Typhoid.